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Rome, the capital city of Italy, is one of the most visited, influential, and highly appreciated places in the world. If you are wanderlust or like to enrich yourself with knowledge associated with places, you are in the right place. In this article, you will learn about this awe-inspiring place and have the best blast on it possible. On the other hand; you’ll be amazed by all the facts that we’re going to spill if you are a travel information geek.
Welcome to Rome
Rome was christened the Eternal City by the people of ancient Romans. They affirm that no matter what happens, be it destruction, adversities; and worldwide changes, no matter what happens in the rest of the world; the city of Rome would always remain perpetual, everlasting.
It is the capital city of Italy and the capital of the Lazio region; which is the center of the Metropolitan City of Rome. It lies in the central portion of the Italian peninsula; on the Tiber River, about 24 km inland from the Tyrrhenian Sea.
Furthermore, it was once the capital of the ancient republic empire that had defined the Western world in antiquity and left seemingly unforgettable imprints thereafter. This is the spiritual; and physical seat of the Roman Catholic Church and the site of notable pinnacles of both artistic and intellectual achievement. Rome, is the infamous, ever-growing political capital; sacred religious center and a memorial; and a great plaque of the creative imagination of the past, which will later be discussed.
Rome has a Mediterranean climate, which is defined as hot dry summers and mild humid winters. Its average annual temperature is70 degree Fahrenheit during the day, with 48 degree Fahrenheit (8.89 degree Celsius) during the night. The coldest month is January, which is very much adored by both tourists; and the locals and August, being the warmest month. Snowfall is rare in Rome, but it is not unheard of. Light snows, as well as flurries, occur on some winters, and major snowfalls take place, although in very rare occurrence.
Much like the rest of its country Italy, the predominant religion of Rome is Christian; and the city has been a crucial center of religious practices; and pilgrimage for uncountable centuries already. It is the base of Ancient Roman religion with the pontifex maximus, and was then the seat of the highly respected Vatican and the pope.
Rome’s highly impressive architecture; and landscape are some of the best things it can offer to tourists all over the world. The city’s architecture has greatly developed, especially coming from the Classical and Imperial Roman styles, transitioning to modern fascist architecture. There was a period in the world where Rome is considered one of the world’s epicenters for classical architecture; as their unfailing formation of the arch, the dome; and the vault influences architecture styles and buildings all over the world. It holds the title, until now, for the main center of Renaissance, Baroque and neoclassical architecture.
Parks and gardens
Public parks; and nature reserves compress a large area in Rome, and the city holds one of the largest areas of green space among all European capitals. The most remarkable part of this green space is actually represented by numerous villas; and gardens that were landscaped and created by the Italian aristocracy. The most notable of these are the:
- Doria Pamphili
- Orto Botanico
Fountains and aqueducts
Rome also is a city famous for its numerous intricate fountains, built in all different styles. Classical and Medieval, down to Baroque and Neoclassical, Rome has got every tourist covered. The city has had fountains for more than two centuries; and they are to provide them with drinking water as well as decorative ornaments; but more importantly, the glorification of Popes that built them. It has fifty monumental fountains and hundreds of tinier ones; that all in all adds up to more than 2000 fountains, that's greater than any city ever mentioned in the world. The top five are:
- Fontana dell’Acqua Felice
- Fontana dell’Acqua Paola
- The Trevi Fountain
- Fontana della Barcaccia
- Fontana delle Api
Rome is well known for its impressive and breathtaking, realistic statues, in particular, its talking statues. These are ancient statues that have grown to be notable soapboxes for political; and social discussion, more importantly, they become the places for people to often, paradoxically, voice their opinion. The top five talking statues of Rome are:
- iI Babuino
- Madama Lucrezia
- il Facchino
Obelisk and columns
The magnificent city hosts eight ancient Egyptian and five ancient Roman obelisks, with a number of more modern obelisks. Obelisks for Rome are a divine symbol of the Pharaohs; and columns were to represent the glory of their famous emperors and rulers. The top five most prominent are:
- Colonna Traina
- Colonna Antonina
Rome contains numerous well-known bridges which cross the Tiber. Even their bridges are done so well and beautifully, that they really capture the innate beauty of the City. The only bridge that remains unaltered today is from the classical age, Ponte dei Quattro Capi. The bridge connects the Isola Tiberina with the left bank. The other surviving, and much as modified are:
Last, but definitely not least, in the list of Rome's cityscape is its extensive number of ancient catacombs; or underground burial places. These catacombs are placed under, or near the city proper, and forty were discovered so far in the recent decades. The top five must-visit catacombs are:
- San Sebastiano
- San Calixto
- Saint Agnes
Culture and Virtues of Rome
The culture and virtues of Rome emulate its historic past and celebrate the modern world. Both are an eclectic mix of high culture, religion, and of course, its historic and rich architecture. The daily life of locals centers on enduring their rich past, incorporating to their daily life, with virtues easing their characters; and if you are to travel, you have to know all of this to optimize your unique experience.
The past and present harmoniously exist; this is the best definition that defines Rome culture. For example, structures by 17th-century architect Bernini interweave with modern-day architecture. Modern work buildings are a few steps away from those old, classic historic monuments; such as the Colosseum and the Roman Forum. In conclusion, Rome is an eclectic culture of a restless cosmopolitan city that reverses its past.
Their top five virtues are:
Locals in Rome have a sense of social standing that is built up through experience, dutifulness, and handwork. Most Romans grow to be professionals or one who has a purpose in bettering their city. This is the most important virtue as they believe that their city needs them and because of how influential it is and its tourism; which they benefit from, they ought to give back and be their best. They do so with respect to their religion, as it is the practice of their spirituality at work.
All citizens are of ease of manner, they navigate their lives with humor, openness, and they are believed to be very friendly and approachable in travelers and foreigners. They are known to be optimistic; as adversities have nothing against them, if there’s something that is that it just keeps the faith going. They do not like to dwell on things and life burdens; and would rather spend their energy brushing off negativity and think proactively for steps in which they can solve those already. Not only that, but they love entertainment, they love companionship, laughter; and all the nice, mundane things that make life really worth living.
They are gentle as well as practice mildness in every walk of life and experience. Because they are very ingrained in religious practices, Rome is known to be one of the places where kind, humble and helpful people exist.
Citizens of Rome are self-secure and know one’s worth, they have the strength of mind and exercise personal pride and would not tolerate practices that damage all of their virtues.
They have a sense of importance for the matter at hand, their work, their personal life, as well as the importance of other people around them. They are responsible for upholding that importance, and they are to earn their very own importance as well.
10 Most Beautiful and Breathtaking, Culturally Preserve Attractions You Must Not Overlook in Rome
Now that we have covered their culture and virtues, which should always, at all times, be respected if you are a traveler. It is now about time that we give names to the places, the attractions that make Rome. In a city so filled with icons of antiquity and their overflowing Christian faith, it is definitely hard and overwhelming where to go first. In this list, we have compacted and varied the experiences you are to feel in Rome, so you have a holistic view and adventure in this magnificent city.
The Colosseum and the Arch of Constantine
Much as the Eiffel Tower in Paris, in Rome, the silhouette of the Flavian Amphitheater makes Rome iconic. This is the largest structure that is left by Roman antiquity. The Colosseum stills provide the model for ancient sport arenas, and present-day football stadium design is, clearly, highly influenced by the oval roman plan. Besides the Colosseum is where the historical Arch of Constantine resides. This is due to the victory in the battle of the Milvian Bridge in 312.
The Vatican is the smallest independent state in the whole world, with an area of less than half a square kilometer, and most of that was enclosed by the Vatican walls. It is the most sacred place, and of course, the most religiously inclined. Inside it are the infamous Vatican palace and gardens, St. Peter’s Basilica, and St. Peter’s Square. This compact space will grant you a lot of incredible and solemn to see, between its museums and the great basilica itself.
Inside St. Peter’s Basilica is where Michelangelo’s masterpiece, Pietà, resides along with the statuary and altars by Bernini and others. The highlight of the Vatican museums is the Sistine Chapel, whose awe-inspiring ceiling is Michelangelo’s most valued work. In the Vatican Palace are the Raphael Rooms, the Borgia Apartments, and the Vatican Library, All of which are great unique places to visit. Alongside them, are a number of museums that include the Picture Gallery, the Museum of Secular art, Etruscan Museums, and many more. The collection you will see covers the rich art, from papal coaches to 20th-century artistry, reflecting religious themes.
This is the best preserved monument of Roman antiquity and is really, remarkably intact amdists standing for 2000 years. This is despite the fact that Pope Gregory III ordered its bronze roof to be melted down and stripped; down to cast the canopy over the altar in St. Peter’s and cannon for Castel Sant’Angelo.
The Pantheon was renovated after the damage it yielded by fire in AD 80 and the resulting brickwork showcased the extraordinary high technical mastery of Roman builders. It is a 43-meter dome, and it is known to be the supreme achievement of Roman interior architecture, with the hangs suspended without visible support. Really appealing and magnificent to the eyes.
This is an impressive sprawl of ruins, the ancient Rome's showpiece center, a grandiose district of temples, vibrant public places, and of course, basilicas. The site is originally built as a marshy burial ground that was developed in the 7th century BCE that was to grow over time that has become the social, political, and commercial seat of the Roman Empire. This site includes the Arco di Settimio Severio, the Curia, the Tempio di Saturno and the Arco di Tito. Very culturally preserved, and this is just, simply magnificent.
Trevi Fountain is undoubtedly one of the most popular tourist attractions in the city; this 17th-century work of art has been immortalized in films, until it is essentially a required visit. It is Rome's largest fountain and is believed to depict the sea god Oceanus, with horses, traditions, and shells. The water majestically swirls around the figures and the artificial rocks.
Centro Storico & the Spanish Steps
This is the historic center of Rome and is composed of many art-filled churches, resplendent palaces, and lively squares that you could get lost in its beauty strolling on its ancient streets and lanes. It is where you can quietly absorb the Romans' neighborhood ambiance while taking a break in the must-see sight of Rome. The stairs have been a favorite spot for tourists to catch a break, where they can peacefully sit and immerse in a tasteful gelato in the summer, or warm their heart with cones of hot roasted chestnuts in the winter.
Santa Maria Maggiore
One of the most dignified churches in Rome, Santa Maria Maggoire has stood greatly since the fourth-century pope Liberius had a vision of the Virgin instructing him to build a church where snow fell the following day. Although it was believed to be August where the weather was supposed to be warm, the snow did fall, and so did the rise of this great Basilica.
Since the fifth century, celebration of solemn masses has taken place every day, unfailingly. The three aisles of its 86 meters long interior are divided by 40 columns of astonishing marble and four granite, with the apse added in the 13th century that was beautifully filled with mosaics of Old and New Testament themes. Those of which are masterpieces of Rome’s most respected mosaic artist.
This is one of Rome's most charismatic Baroque squares. Its facade, campanile, and dome give emphasis on the way Baroque architecture weaves convex and concave surfaces, gables, windows, as well as columns and piers into a harmonious and beautiful design.
It is where the infamous and intricate Baroque fountain, Fontana dei Fiumi resides as well as, Fontana del Moro and Fontana del Nettuno.
The Palatine hill wonderfully shows evidence of Rome's earliest settlement- the rock cuttings found in front of the Temple of Cybele show the various human activities as long ago as the ninth century BC.
The highlight masterpieces of this hill are the House of Livia, Cryptoporticus, Domus Flavia, Domus Augustina, and the most spectacular of all, the Baths of Septimus Severus. Clearly, with no questions asked, Palatine Hill is a lovely place to explore as it is a merge of a park with magnificent and awe-inspiring ruins of ancient Rome.
Villa Borghese Gallery and Gardens
The Borghese Gardens is one of Rome's largest and impressively built parks. It contains a number of attractions, such as the Villa Borghese museum and Villa Giulia. Here, you can all enjoy sightseeing the Borghese art collection, paintings, sculptures, mosaics, and reliefs that are from the 15th up until the 18th century, that showcases stirring works of Raphael, Titan, Caravaggio, and Rubens. It appeals wonderfully to children, as it contains a zoo, playgrounds, weekend pony rides, and occasionally, puppet shows.
Ready to Rome?
With the rich discussion we just had, it is really a lie if we do not find ourselves imagining and wishing that tomorrow, or someday, we’ll be out appreciating the beauty of Rome. They really uphold the title for one of the most popular cities as all the things that make this city delightful.
As always, when visiting a place that you were not familiar with, a great way to make it fun is to do research. While this has been healthful, add-on knowledge such as dos and don'ts will help you navigate Rome with ease.
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